Dec. 15, 2022
Q. Consider the following pairs-
khams - looted money
Masahat – Land Measurement System
Khwaja – Sultanate official
How many of the above pairs are correctly matched?
a. only one pair
b. only two pairs
c. only three pairs
d. all four pairs
Answer – (c)
Kharaj was land tax, imposed on the land of Hindus. Generally, it was not less than 1/3 and not more than 1/2 of the production.
Khams was 1/5th share for the Sultan from loot, mines or treasures buried in land. The remaining 4/5th part was entitled to its soldiers, officers etc.
Masahat was the method of land measurement, introduced by Alauddin Khilji.
Khwaja: Balban appointed an officer named Khwaja in Iqta to control the muqtis. He used to assess income of Iqta.