Q. Consider the following statements –
1. The British army under Eyre Coote defeated the Dutch in the Battle of Wandiwash.
2. The First Carnatic War ended with the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle between the French and the British in 1748.
3. The French sided with Muzaffar Jung in the Second Carnatic War.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?
(a) 1 and 2
(b) 1 and 3
(c) 2 and 3
(d) 3 only
Answer – (c)
Explanation- On January 22, 1760, the British army under Eyre Coote defeated the French governor, Count de Lally in the Battle of Wandiwash. Thus, it ended the French power in India. In 1763, the Treaty of Paris was signed between the British Company and the French Company. According to this treaty, the factories would be returned to the French, but they could not fortify them and could only use them as trading centres.